The plant is commonly grown all over the world for its fruit, the tomato. Though botanically classified as fruits, many people think of them as being garden vegetables due to their savoury taste. Tomato plants are relatively easy to cultivate. They are warm-climate perennials that, during the summer months, are cultivated as annuals.
In general, tomato plants grow to heights of between 3 and 10 feet. The plants require regular watering and thrive on full sun. Between 14 and 18 hours of direct sunlight daily is preferable. They are sensitive to frost. starting your own tomatoes can save money, especially if you have a large garden.
Step 1: Get the Seeds
There are many varieties of Tomato available as seed, Buy your Favorite variety for sowing.
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Step 2: Start the Seeds
Get your Plant Tray to Plant the seeds about 1/4 inch deep, 2 seeds per block. Use a stick/finger to make a 1/4 deep hole in the centre of each block, and drop 2 seeds into each hole and firm the mix around the seeds to completely cover them.
Step 3: Germination
Keep your trays moist and warm to speed germination. Loosely fit plastic wrap over the tops of the trays, to keep water in but still allow for air circulation. Light is not required to germinate seeds. In around 3 to 15 days, you will see tiny seedlings emerge. When your seedlings are up and the first 2 leaves (cotyledon leaves) start to open, you will need to put your seedlings under a light.
Step 4: Potting Up
Give your tomatoes the right start with a lightweight, well-draining growing medium like Soil added with Cocopeat, Cow Manure, Vermi Compost. Moisten the mix before filling pots or cell packs to avoid uneven wetting. Your tomatoes may need to be transplanted to larger containers if they outgrow their pots before it’s time to set them outdoors.
Step:5 Place stakes or trellises next to the plants.
This will give the plants support to latch onto as they grow and makes it easier to pick the fruit from the vines. Be careful not to disturb the roots.
Step:6 Feed and water your plants often.
Water at the base of the plant to avoid developing mildew on the leaves. Sprinkle your plants with liquid seaweed and layer the compost directly on the soil around the plant. Do this weekly to increase fruit production.
Step:7 Harvest the fruit at its peak.
Fruit should appear about 60 days after transplanting. Check the plants daily once they begin to ripen to ensure peak flavour. Gently twist the fruits and avoid pulling at the vine.